Once upon a time, there thrived a mysterious city in Mexico that, as much as has been discovered, no one really knows much about. Named Teotihuacan by the Aztecs who discovered it more than 1000 years after its decline, * translated as “City of the Gods” or “the place where men become gods,” it must have been awe inspiring to behold. * So when Hernan Cortes and his men conquered the Aztecs in the sixteenth century they asked who had built such a colossal city. The Aztecs replied, “We were not the builders of Teotihuacan, this city was built by the Quinanatzin, a race of giants who came from the heavens in the times of the Second Sun.” * At the center of this city, looms the impressive Pyramid of the Sun.

pyramid_of_the_sun_photo_cr_Martin_Gray

Built somewhere between AD1 and 250 during the height of the Teotihuacan culture, this massive structure, at approximately 720 feet by 760 feet by 200 feet high, is the largest in the ancient city, and third largest pyramid in the world. * It was made of earth and rubble, adobe bricks, and covered with limestone, believed to be quarried, and delivered by foot, from about 37 miles away, in Tula, as there were no limestone quarries in the surrounding area. Additionally, 129,166,925 square feet (12,000,000 square meters) of architectural surface was covered with lime plaster throughout the entire city. Imagine the time and man-power required to accomplish such a feat! * *

If that wasn’t impressive enough, large quantities of mica have also been discovered throughout every building in the city, including the pyramid, in layers up to one-foot-thick, and believed to have originated from Brazil, more than 3000 miles away. Not only shiny and decorative, Mica is stable when exposed to electricity, light, moisture, and extreme temperatures. It is an excellent insulator and can support an electrostatic field while dissipating minimal energy in the form of heat, and is thermally stable to 932 °F (500 °C). How interesting that Mica has not been found in any other archaeological site in the vicinity, or the Americas. * * So did these people have an understanding of its properties and possibly put them to use? Or did they serve some other purpose?

Another mystery of this questionably primitive culture, is the mathematical and astronomical understanding that is required to construct the strategic layout of the city, built with what appears to be a clear understanding of our solar system, with the great Pyramid of the Sun as its shining center of a complex of pyramids, each aligned with a planet in the solar system. * Perhaps they thought to emulate the heavens on earth; their vast mysteries made more tangible in rock and mortar.

map_of_Teotihuacan

The pyramids in Latin America were often rebuilt many times, over existing structures, as it was believed that that rebuilding of the pyramid renewed the current king’s relationship with the gods, as well as, glorifying the current ruler. * This is also the case of the Pyramid of the Sun, as beneath the pyramid is another of similar size. Curiously, no depiction or tomb of a king or ruler has ever been found in the city. Underneath the pyramid is a cave which leads to a chamber in the shape of a 4-leaf clover. Artifacts discovered indicate the room was used as a shrine long before the pyramid was built.* * Additionally, Inside the pyramid is a hidden 300 m long corridor that at one point had been a natural spring. This source of water may indicate another reason for exact positioning of the pyramid *